Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) helps to keep track of progress made in adapting to climate change. M&E can provide the basis for learning, accountability and reporting, and these are several tools to facilitate the monitoring of adaptation at local level.
M&E of climate adaptation can be done for a variety of purposes, be it to monitor specific adaptation projects, the implementation of a state action plan, or the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals & NDC etc. There is no one-size-fits all approach to M&E for these different objectives.
M&E of climate adaptation differs from M&E of mitigation, because adaptation is context-specific and there is no global success indicator for adaptation similar to “reduction in GHG-emissions”. Adaptation M&E systems and indicators therefore need to fit to the respective needs and circumstances.
What is adaptation M&E?
Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of adaptation supports keeping track of the implementation of adaptation plans and actions and assessing their effectiveness and outcomes.
Adaptation M&E can focus on the process of adaptation (i.e. is implementation taking place?) as well as on its outcomes, i.e. whether the objectives of adaptation actions get achieved.
Why undertake adaptation M&E?
Adaptation M&E can support the ongoing management of adaptation interventions by assessing progress and pointing out needs for adjustments.
Adaptation M&E can also support learning and exchange about what works well and what does not, thereby helping to improve adaptation actions.
Adaptation M&E can also provide accountability by demonstrating and reporting on results.
What are different approaches to adaptation M&E?
Approaches differ based on the purpose for M&E, e.g. whether the primary focus is on management, learning or accountability
Since adaptation is context specific and there are different purposes for M&E, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to adaptation M&E
M&E approaches also differ according to the level of application, e.g. project level, national level or across levels
The Adaptation M&E Navigator helps to select an M&E approach according to the M&E purpose